• Recruitment Mechanisms in Pakistan

 • Institutional Arrangements

 • In the 1970s, the Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment (BE&OE) was setup to boost labor emigration, and also to regulate and control the recruitment process in the country

 • BE&OE functions through its seven regional offices, called Protector of Emigrants, located in Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Quetta, Malakand and Multan.

  • Channels of Labor Recruitment

Legally, Pakistanis can find overseas employment through public, private and direct channels or sectors.

• Public Sector: Overseas Employment Corporation (OEC).

• Private Sector: Overseas Employment Promoters (OEPs).

 • Direct Visa.

  • Recruitment through Overseas Employment Promoters

An OEP applies to the concerned Protector of Emigrants for permission to process the demand.

 • OEP is required to advertise the demand specifying the number of persons, categories, wages and other terms and conditions

 • Prepares a FSA on behalf of the employer and approach the Protector of Emigrants for registration.

• Briefing by the protector of emigrants.

  • Recruitment through OEPs

OEPs work through sub-agents when recruiting from rural areas, particularly semi-skilled or skilled workers.

• Many friends/relatives with migration experience also play the role of a sub-agent in the migration process.

 • Prospective migrants, prefer their mediation through local agents because of close contacts • One agent (sub-agent) who keeps the passport for long period.

  • Illegal Migration

Overstaying after Hajj/Umra or after the expiry of contract,

• Local agents organize a group of prospective migrants to take the risk of crossing border without documents by using sea and dry routes (Irani Border).

 • High Cost of legal Migration as the main reason for illegal migration.

  • Working Conditions Abroad
  • Re-signing of Contract While Abroad.

 • Migrants are usually unaware about the contract they are signing.

 • In the new contract salary is usually 8-10 percent low.

 • Medical test upon arrival at destination and re-assessment of skill level are also getting common.

Published by mirza7731

My name is MIRZA GHALIB from Pakistan. I have recently completed my Graduation ( BSBA-HRM) from COMSATS UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, VEHARI CAMPUS.


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